The discovery of the remains of a pottery workshop from the Roman era in Alexandria


Pottery vessels, amphorae, terracotta pots … Archaeologists have discovered many artifacts in the pottery complex, with many kilns well preserved in the rock.

The Egyptian archaeological mission, reporting to the Supreme Council of Antiquities, discovered a huge pottery complex from the early Roman period (1st century BC). Many kitchen utensils, divine statues, and two burials were found, and it is located west of Alexandria at the site of Al-Taba Matouh. Pottery vessels, amphorae, and crockery emerged from the ground when archaeologists examined the site. But one of the great discoveries, which sheds light on the primary use of the place, is the use of several ovens to cook the plots of land. It was carved into the rock, and it was found in very good condition according to the archaeologists involved. So much so that the arched entrance can still be seen from where the potters entered to deposit objects there, Mostafa Waziri, Secretary General of the Supreme Council of Antiquities, explains in the foundation’s press release.

One of the kilns on the site, carved in the rock, with an arched entrance in its western part. Twitter screenshot @TourismandAntiq

The doors of the various kilns were then sealed with mud and clay shards before the kiln was ignited by introducing fuel through a small opening under the entrance. Thanks to another kiln dedicated to lime production found at the site, archaeologists have suggested that the site could also have been used later, long after its establishment in IVerse century BC. c- c.

As an illustration, remains of pots made of clay were found in one of the rooms of the ceramics workshop. Supreme Council of Antiquities and Tourism

The presence of graves

But according to first archaeological experience, it appears that the site was not only used for the manufacture of clay goods. Indeed, two burials were found in the same place, one of which still contains the bones of a pregnant woman. They were attributed to the fourthAnd century AD, that is, after the establishment of the ceramics laboratory.

Archaeologists have also discovered other pieces, some dating back to the Ptolemaic period (between IVAnd and meVerse century BC). restrooms for workers, places to eat or store utensils … each with different uses. Bones of pigs, goats and fish were found in one of them, while tools and flasks were found in the other.

One of the divine statues in the container of the ceramic workshop that represents here the god Horus. Twitter screenshot @TourismandAntiq

Even more surprising is the finding of clay figurines representing different divine figures. One of them features Harpocrates, the Egyptian name for the god Horus, one of the oldest deities often depicted as a crested hawk from the pschent meaning his name. « distance », referring to the majestic flight of a bird of prey. In the vicinity of these remains, the archaeological mission also found a group of coins with the faces of Alexander the Great, Zeus and Cleopatra engraved on it.


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Written by mbenfoddil

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